How Dangerous Is Dust?

If you’ve ever found yourself in a particularly dusty area, where clouds of dust surround you, you’ve probably felt the choking sensation of breathing dust particles through your nostrils.

Dust isn’t a joke, and there are many great reasons to keep your house clean.

Our brave team dived into the world of dust, to give you the answers you’re looking for: What is dust made of, and how dangerous is it?

What Is Dust Made Of?

Dust consists of numerous materials, and the consistency varies from room to room. Here you’ll get an overview of the typical contents of household dust:

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Hair is an organic material, and usually it originates from either you or any pets living inside the house.

Depending on your hair color, it is usually very easy to spot hair when it lies on the floor, due to the way it is usually tangles up when it sweeps across your floors.

You can’t really do anything to prevent hair from spreading across the floor, as it is a perfectly natural thing for both humans and animals to shed a bit of hair from time to time.

Fun fact: Some people think pet hair is an allergen, but it’s actually their dander (flakes of dead skin), that most people are allergic to.

Textile Fibers

Textile fibers can be seriously problematic to both you and the environment. Polyester and other synthetic fabrics are among some of the worst sinners, as they contain both micro plastics and, in some cases, colors that might be harmful to the environment as well.

Some textiles also contain Gore-Tex or similar coatings, which act like a membrane to keep water out while still being breathable. Gore-Tex consists of PTFE, which is also known as Teflon. Teflon is made from a toxic group of chemicals, and is widely used in all types of clothing, outdoor gear, etc.

Paper Fibers

While some paper fibers do indeed contain problematic substances, they aren’t usually found in large enough quantities around normal homes, to cause any concerns.

Paper dust is most common in office environments, and particularly near a paper shredder.


Crumbs are usually found in the kitchen and around the dining table, where they tend to nestle around corners or inaccessible areas. They usually consist of a mixture of breadcrumbs, cereal crumbs, and crumbs from fresh produce.

While crumbs aren’t particularly dangerous, there’s a risk of attracting unwanted critters or even rodents if you don’t clean your kitchen and dining area properly from time to time.

Dead Skin Cells

Dead skin cells don’t possess any threats on their own, but if combined with a humid environment, they might attract dust mites. Your bedroom usually meet these requirements, which is why your bed is actually the favorite habitat of dust mites.

Dust mites aren’t harmful, but their feces are. They are considered an allergen due to the contents, and allergic asthmatics are the ones that suffer the most from this.

Plant Pollen

Pollen is everywhere, especially during springtime. Pollen travels by air, and all it takes to get into your house, is an open window. When it gets really bad, you might even notice how the air forms clouds of pollen flying from the plants around you.

Plant pollen has the ability to form an entire layer of dust on its own, but you’ll usually find it mixed together with other types of dust around the house.

People suffering from pollen allergy usually feel the presence of pollen from the beginning of April and as long as the pollen season lasts, which is why it is important to keep the house clean during this period.


Soil is one of the most common occurrences around your house, and it is particularly pronounced in dry and windy areas, but also near fields of almost any type.

Your cats and dogs carry soil from the outside under their paws, and you carry it under your shoes. It quickly scatters across the floors, and forms a fine layer of dust.

Dust consisting of soil isn’t particularly harmful, but larger airborne quantities might result in health problems of different kinds. If in doubt, it is always a good idea to consult a doctor.